African American History Month (also called Black History Month) began in February 1976. However, it first began as Negro History Week in February 1926. One of the main reasons that February was chosen as the month to promote and highlight the achievements of African Americans was because it was close to the birthdays of abolitionist Fredrick Douglas, and President Abraham Lincoln (responsible for the Emancipation Proclamation). Over the next 50 years, the week-long event, expanded and became popular due to the civil rights movement and became African American History Month.
African American History Month. (n.d.) In Britannica Academic. Retrieved from http://academic.eb.com.ufairfax.idm.oclc.org/levels/collegiate/article/475396
*This is not a comprehensive guide on African American History. Please look at the resources for more information.*