As per the Constitution, the U.S. House of Representatives makes and passes federal laws. The House is one of Congress's two chamber (the other is the U.S. Senate), and part of the federal government's legislative branch. The number of voting representatives in the House is fixed by law at no more than 435, proportionally representing the population of the 50 states.
Established by the Constitution as one chamber of the federal government's legislative branch, the United States Senate is comprised of one hundred members- two senators from each of the 50 states- who serve six-year, overlapping terms. Senators, along with members of the House of Representatives, propose, author, and vote on federal legislation that touches upon all aspects of U.S. domestic and foreign policy. Senators provide advice and consent on executive nominations and treaties and conduct oversight of all branches of the federal government.