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Ethics

Terms

Absolutism- A political theory that absolute power should be vested in one or more rulers. 

Ad Hominem- Appealing to feelings or prejudices rather than intellect.

Ahimsa- The Hindu and Buddhist doctrine of refraining from harming any living being

Anthropocentric- Considering human beings as the most significant entity of the universe. 

Bioethics- A discipline dealing with the ethical implications of biological research and applications especially in medicine. 

Deep Ecology- A movement ot a body of concepts that considers human no more important than other species and that advocates a corresponding radical readjustment of the relationships between humans and nature. 

Determinism- A doctrine that acts of the will, natural, events, or social changes are determined by preceding causes.(Britannica Academic)

Deontology- The theory or study of moral obligation.

Eudaemonism- A theory that the highest ethical goals is happiness and personal well-being. 

Ethics- The discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.

Falsity- The quality or state of being false.

Fatalism- A  doctrine that events are fixed in advanced so that human beings are powerless to change them. 

Freedom- The state of being free from the control or power of another. 

Fundamentalism- A movement or attitude stressing strict and literal adherence to a set of basic principles. (Britannica Academic)

Immoral- Conflicting with generally or traditionally held moral principles.

Indeterminism- A theory that the will is free and that deliberate choice and actions are not determined by or predicable from antecedent causes.

Metaethics- The study of the meanings of ethical terms, the nature of ethical judgments, and the types of ethical arguments.

Morality- A literary or other imaginative work teaching a moral lesson.

Natural Law-  A body of law or a specific principle held to be derived from nature and binding upon human society in the absence of or in addition to positive law. 

Nepotism- Favoritism (as in appointment for a job) based on kinship.

Philosophy- A search for general understanding of values and reality by chiefly speculative rather than observational means. 

Positive Law- Law established or recognized by governmental authority.

Predestination- The belief that everything that will happen has already been decided by God or gate and cannot be changed.

Proposition- An expression in language or signs of something that can be believed, doubted or denied or is either true or false.

Relativism- A view that ethical truths depend on the individuals and groups holding them.

Social Darwinism- A sociological theory that socio-cultural advance is the product of intergroup conflict and competition and hte socially elite classes posses biological superiority in the struggle for existence. 

Supererogatory- Observed or performed to an extent no enjoined or required.

Teleology- A doctrine that attributes a purpose to nature or the explains natural phenomena as directed toward a goal.

Truth- Sincerity in action, character, and utterance. 

Utilitarianism- A doctrine that the useful is hte good and that the determining consideration of right conduct should be the usefulness of its consequences. 

Vice- Moral depravity or corruption.

‚ÄčVirtue- A particular moral excellence. 

(All definitions came  from Merriam-Webster, unless other wise noted)